The season in American Football begins at the end of August and ends in January. The play-off is played in the month of January, and the Super Bowl final is usually held in the first week of February. In general, high school matches are held on Friday, those in colleges on Saturday, and the NFL professional league plays on Sunday.
A team of 11 people has possession of the ball. This is called Offense and attempts to advance with the ball across the field either by running away or by crossing it, and marking points passing the score line and ending with it in the area called Endzone (score area ). The other team is called Defense. It tries to stop the team in the offensive and make it lose the possession of the ball. If the offensive team manages to score, it will surrender the opponent’s possession and the roles change (the offensive team will defend and the defensive team will attack). These changes of possession will occur until the four quarters of the match are over.
American Football field
The plot is 100 yards long and 53 yards wide (1 yard = 0.9144 meters). The white markings on the pitch help players, officials and fans to watch the game as well.
-endlines: They stretch across the width of the terrain at both ends
-sidelines (lines): stretch across the length of the terrain, on both sides
-endzones: have a length of 10 yards (9.1 m), one at each end of the field; probably the most important area of the land, is where it can be marketed
-goal lines: delimit an endzone from the rest of the field; the distance between two goal lines is 100 yards (91.4 m)
-yard lines: lines that cross the terrain across its width and which are located 5 to 5 yards, numbered
-inbound lines: two parallel rows of short markings, located at a distance of 1 yard (0.91 m), near the center of the land; is the place where the game is resumed with the ball placed in the space between the two lines of lines
-goal posts: They are located at the end of each endzone and are spaced at 18.5 feet (5.6 m) in the professional league and colleges, 24 feet (7.3 m) high schools; the bars are joined in the lower area by a transverse bar located at 10 feet (3.05 m) of the ground.
The area between the 20 yard and the endzone line is called “redzone”.